Czech Open Information Project


LIBOCHOVICE CASTLE


There is a conspicuous outcrop of basalt rock in the valley of the Labe on which stand the ruins of the castle of Hazmburk, nearby is the little town of Libochovice on the river Ohre, and on its banks, in place of a late Gothic fort turned into a Renaissance castle, there is an early baroque castie, built by Gundakar of Dietrichstejn with the services of an Italian architect, Antonio delia Porta, who was employed in nearby Roudnice by the Lobkovic family. The handsome residence was built by A. della Porta, a regular square with an inner courtyard, of which the north wing was linked on to the old Gothic-Renaissance castle chapel. The Libochovice facade makes striking use of texture and colour, in a way characteristic of A. della Porta's work and of early Czech baroque. The east wing opens out on to the garden through a salia terrena ornamented with stucco by Jacopo Tencalla and Giuseppe Mattone. The main hall is the most noteworthy interior feature, taking up two floors of the south wing. The hall is dominated by the original 1690 hearth with the figure of Saturn which, together with those of Moors, is attributed to Jan Brokof. The other rooms and halls of the ground floor were decorated by Domenico Caggia and Sebastiano Bussi in early baroque stucco and by Jacopo Tencalla and Jacopo Mundono with allegorical and mythoiogical paintings. An early baroque stove built by the Dresden craftsman Georg Fischer also attracts notice. The castle complex includes an English style park sloping down to the river. The castle houses an exhibition devoted to the life and works of the famous physician and natural historian Jan Evangelista Purkyne, a native of the town.